|Amla (Indian Gooseberry)|
Latin name: Emblica officinalis
Common name: Amla, Amalaki, Indian Gooseberry, Emblic Myrobalan
Emblica officinalis is a small or medium-sized tree found in mixed deciduous forests, ascending to 1300 m on hills and cultivated in gardens and homeyards.
Constituents: Tannins, organic acids
Amla Botanical Identification (Macroscopic):
Indian gooseberry is a fruit, globose, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, fleshy, smooth with six prominant lines;
greenish when tender, changing to light yellowish or pinkish colour when mature, with a
few dark specks: taste, sour and astringent followed by delicately sweet taste.
Amla Botanical Identification (Microscopic):
Transverse section of mature Emblica fruit shows an epicarp consisting of single layer of
epidermis and 2-4 layers of hypodermis; epidermal cell, tabular In shape, covered externally
with a thick cuticle and appear in surface view as polygonal; hypodermal cells tangentially
elongated, thick-walled, smaller in dimension than epidermal cells; mesocarp forms bulk of
fruit, consisting of thin-walled parenchymatous cells with intercellular spaces, peripheral 6-9
layers smaller, ovoid or tangentially elongated while rest of cells larger in size, isodiametric
and radially elongated; several collateral fibrovascular bundles scattered throughout
mesocarp consisting of xylem and phloem; xylem composed of tracheal elements, fibre
tracheids and xylem fibres; tracheal elements show reticulate scalariform and spiral
thickenings; xylem fibres elongated with narrow lumen and pointed end; mesocarp contains
large aggregates of numerous irregular silica crystals.
Source: Monograph for Amalaki Fresh Fruit, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I, Volume I
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